The article shows the limitations of the “indexing” hypothesis, an influential conceptualization of state-press relations based on the notion that the media tend to reproduce the range of debate within political elites. The hypothesis, as confirmed by an international comparative investigation of the elite press coverage of 9/11 in the US, Italy, France, and Pakistan, cannot be applied outside the American context. The analysis finds that the variation in the levels of correlation between elite press coverage and governmental discourse are explained by previously neglected variables: national interest, national journalistic culture, and editorial policy within each media organization. The article argues that more international comparative research and multidisciplinary approaches are needed in order to renew old paradigms, especially at a time when the distinction between foreign and domestic politics is disappearing.
Keywords: journalism, news, government, media, foreign policy
How to Cite:
Archetti, C., (2017) ““Unamerican Views”: why US-developed models of press-state relations do not apply to the rest of the world”, Westminster Papers in Communication and Culture 5(3), p.4-26. doi: https://doi.org/10.16997/wpcc.87