The author has no competing interests to declare.
Dr Paolo Gerbaudo is Lecturer in Digital Culture and Society in the the Department of Creative Media Culture Industries at King’s College London. Previously Associate Lecturer in Journalism and Communication, at the Media Department at Middlesex University he has worked also worked Adjunct Professor of Sociology at the American University in Cairo (AUC). Paolo has also acted as a journalist covering social movements, political affairs and an environmental issues, and as a new media artist exhibiting at art festivals and shows. He is the author of Tweets and the Streets: Social Media and Contemporary Activism (2012) and The Mask and the Flag: The Rise of Citizenism in Global Protest (forthcoming 2017).