Author Guidelines

Article Types | Structure | Style and Formatting | References

Submissions should be made electronically through this website.

Please ensure that you consider the following guidelines when preparing your manuscript:



Article Types

  • Research articles  must describe the outcomes and application of unpublished original research. These should make a substantial contribution to knowledge and understanding in the subject matter and should be supported by relevant figures and tabulated data and a description of methodology. Research articles should be between 6000 and 8000 words in length.
  • Commentaries  should consist of any or several of the following: reviews of secondary literature; interpretations of an aspect of primary research, less detailed than of a full research article; overviews of  a specific topic with a polemic or practitioner angle; reflections on one aspect of a theoretical topic; short case studies in narrative form on a topic of interest; reflections or critiques of a specific ‘happening’ or notable occurrence related to journal focus; or interviews with a notable subject. Commentaries should be between 3,000 and 6,000 words in length except interviews which may be 1,500 to 3,500 words.  
  • Book reviews  should provide a scholarly review of an academic book (monographs and collections) of interest to the WPCC readership. Reviews should attempt to place the work within the broader literature on a particular subject . Please discuss potential book reviews with the editor before submission. Book Reviews should be no longer than 3,000 words in length. 

Word limits include all referencing and citation. All submissions should include an abstract of no more than 150 words.



All submissions should include the following information:

Title and Author information

To ensure blind peer review, please only include the title and abstract within the submission file itself.

During the submission process, you will be asked to provide the following details:

  • Article title
  • Author name(s)
  • Affiliation(s)*
  • Contact email address
  • Author biography (optional)

*(for affiliation, please include department, institution, city, country)


The text of the article should be prefaced by an indented abstract of no more than 150 words summarising the main arguments and conclusions of the article. Please include a list of 5-6 key words after the abstract. The Abstract and Keywords should also be added to the metadata when making the initial online submission.

Main text

The body of the submission should be structured in a logical and easy to follow manner. A clear introduction section should be given that allows non-specialists in the subject an understanding of the publication and a background of the issue(s) involved. Methods, results, discussion and conclusion sections may then follow to clearly detail the information and research being presented.


Any acknowledgements should be in a separate paragraph, placed after the main text but before the reference list/bibliography.


All references cited within the submission should be listed at the end of the article. Full formatting guidelines are given below.


Style and Formatting

British spelling should be used except in the case of words where the 'z' has generally replaced the 's', e.g. organize. 

Italicise where appropriate and use single quotation marks. Notes should be kept to an absolute minimum. Where they are essential, use endnotes rather than footnotes.

Figures and illustrations must be professionally and clearly presented. If a figure is not easy to understand or does not appear to be of a suitable quality, you will be asked to re-render or omit it. Please ensure that all figures are cited within the text, in consecutive order (e.g. Figure 1, Figure 2).

NOTE: Please supply all figures separately as supplementary files during the submission process, if possible in colour and at a resolution of at least 300dpi. Each file should not be more than 20MB. Standard formats accepted are: JPG, TIFF, GIF, PNG, EPS.

The same principles that apply to figures apply to tables.

Capitalisation of book titles, conference papers, theses and reports and main titles of journals, newspapers and magazines

  • Capitalise all nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs and subordinate conjunctions (i.e. as, because, although).
  • Use lowercase for all articles, coordinate conjunctions and prepositions.

Capitalisation of journal, newspaper and magazine articles and internet sources

  • Use lowercase except initial word and proper names 

Quotation marks
Please use single quotation marks except for quotes within another speech, in which case double quotation marks are used.

Acronyms & Abbreviations
With abbreviations, the crucial goal is to ensure that the reader – particularly one who may not be fully familiar with the topic or context being addressed – is able to follow along. Spell out almost all acronyms on first use, indicating the acronym in parentheses immediately thereafter. Use the acronym for all subsequent references. You do not need to spell out abbreviations for US, UK, EU, UN and DC, as in Washington, DC

However, if following this particular system presents real difficulties then please contact the editor-in-chief so that we can consider your particular circumstances.



All references cited in the text should be listed alphabetically and in full after the notes, using the APA reference style. For example:

  • Turner, G. (2004). Understanding Celebrity, London: Sage. 

Articles in edited collections

  • Street, J. (2003). The Celebrity Politician: Political Style and Popular Culture, in J. Corner and D. Pels (Eds.) Media and the Restyling of Politics, London: Sage, pp. 85-98.

Translated books

  • Canetti, E. (2000). Crowds and Power, translated from German by C. Stewart. London: Phoenix.

Journal articles

  • Frow, J. (1998). Is Elvis a God? Cult, culture, questions of method, International Journal of Cultural Studies 1(2): 197-210.
Anonymous articles

  • How dangerous is obesity? (1977). British Medical Journal, No. 6069, 28 April, pp.100-105.
Conference papers

  • Schollmeier, R. (2001). A definition of peer-to-peer networking for the classification of peer-to-peer architectures and applications. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Peer-to-Peer Computing, 27–29. DOI: 
Newspaper articles (print or online)
  • Newton, V. (2005). Jen fury at baby pic theft. The Sun, April 20, p. 15.
  • Konnikova, M. (2014). What’s lost as handwriting fades, New York Times. Retrieved from (accessed 7 October 2014).


  • UNESCO. (1980). Many Voices, One World, Report by the International Commission for the Study of Communication Problems, Paris: UNESCO

Theses and dissertations

  • Whitehead, S.M. (1996). Public and Private Men: Masculinities at Work Education Management. Unpublished DPhil Thesis, Leeds Metropolitan University.

Internet sources

  • Jenny, M. (2005). Who’s backing whom at the election. Retrieved from (accessed 21 April 2005).

'References’ to works which have not been cited within the main text of the article, but which the author wishes to share with the reader, must be cited as additional information in endnotes explaining the relevance of the work. This will ensure that all works within the reference list are correctly cited within the text.

NOTE: Please include DOIs for reference entries, where possible.